Second Life of Electric Vehicle Batteries

Our Experience

We are working with two clients who are funded by the European Commission. Together with our clients, we developed a whole strategy to cover all steps in the value chain of a second-life company.
Müncon supports its clients in these projects in both the strategic planning, as well as the implementation of this strategy. Thereby, our deep technical understanding of the topic helps to develop feasible solutions.


Sourcing Second Life Batteries

First, used batteries must be obtained. We help to source those batteries, and ensure their collection and transportation to the buyer. Furthermore, Müncon and its partners are experts when it comes to testing and disassembling batteries.


Manufacturing Second Life Battery Storage

We also accompany the creation, implementation and operation of a second life factory. Müncon is experienced in the processes necessary for dismantling and refurbishing batteries, as well as building Battery Energy Storage Systems (=BESS) containers with second life batteries.


Business Model Development

Together with our clients, we are also engineering the go-to-market strategy and are working on the financial model of the whole process (Find out more here). Together, we will work on the optimal pricing strategy and develop the business model for the storage products.


Still missing something? We are always adapting, and our team would be glad to help you with any of your concerns.

M" Second Life Of Electric Vehicle Batteries Insights

What does second life of electric vehicle batteries mean?

Second Life means, that after the so called “End-Of-Life” (=EOL) of an electric vehicle, its batteries are re-used in other applications. Therefore, the batteries spend their first life in a car (or a truck, bus, e-scooter,…) and the second life in, e.g., an electric storage for photovoltaic systems.

Why is the second life of electric vehicle batteries so important?

Electric Vehicles (=EVs) are necessary for a greener future, but are often criticized for using Li-Ion batteries: Those batteries use raw materials which are typically hard to mine and thereby need lots of energy. Additionally, mining is most of the times conducted in an unsustainable way (Müncon also consults mining projects to become sustainable). Second Life is one way to lower the carbon footprint of Electric Vehicle batteries. In order to lower the carbon footprint, the usage time of batteries must be maximized. It is expected that electric vehicle batteries can last between five and ten years in their second life.  To further reduce the carbon footprint and establish a circular economy, those batteries then should be recycled.

Why is this topic urgent in Europe?

As more and more Electric Vehicles in Europe will reach their End-Of-Life in the coming years, there is the need to re-use the batteries containing valuable raw materials. Latest, by 2028, at least 100.000 electric vehicles will be ready for second life in Central Europe. From 2030 on, one million electrics vehicles will reach their End-Of-Life – each year.
Second life companies must be prepared to guarantee the re-use of this massive wave of batteries. Otherwise, those batteries are either exported or are likely to end up in landfills, which leads to more environmental damage.

What is the general status of second life projects?

Generally, Second Life Projects are still in a pilot phase.
The typical life of Electric Vehicle Batteries is at least eight years according to the warranty given by the manufacturers. As  the first mass market electric cars were introduced in 2010 with the Nissan Leaf, followed by the Renault Zoe (2013) and the BMW i3 (2013), only a few cars have reached their End-Of-Life yet. Hence, there are hardly batteries for second life projects available.

Are there any second life reference projects?

Regarding actual projects, there are some lighthouse projects, but no mass market applications yet. The most common applications are energy storage systems running on second life batteries. Popular examples are: (1) the second life batteries used to power the Amsterdam Arena, (2) the biggest second life storage project of 13 MWh by Daimler, (3) BMW cooperating with Vattenfall and many more. The goal of most companies right now is to understand how second life batteries perform in practice.

Strategic Topics we cover along the value chain


Sourcing Electric Vehicle Batteries

Collection & Transport

Storage Operations

Battery Testing & BMS Analysis



Planning Operating Site

Dismantling Electric Vehicle Batteries

Testing Packs & Cells

Construction of Second Life Battery

BMS & EMS Development

Forming Strategic Partnerships



Financial Modeling and Customer

Business Model Development

Development of USP

Set up Marketing, Sales and Service Activities

Building Second Life Storages?