Two agents are forcing the adoption of VPPs – Economics and Technology. Following the trend towards decentral, renewable generation, more and more smaller units will be operational in the coming years. However, the energy markets are not designed to handle such a high influx of smaller players, nor it favors them economically, thereby aggregation of these sources into a ‘virtual’ portfolio enables better integration opportunities. Moreover, as the renewable snatch more and more share of the energy mix, the demand for highly flexible and responsive technologies is bound to rise – VPPs serves as the enabling technology for such dynamics.
In pursuit of the commitment envisaged under the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals SDG7 and SDG13, the European Nations are actively pursuing new and innovative strategies to counter the impact of global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. One of the primary areas of focus is the energy industry. Virtual Power Plants serves as the bridge, which promises to address the woes of the integration of the decentral generation on one hand, and on the other, enables new revenue opportunities for power plant operators.
VPPs are operational in all mature electricity markets globally – in applications ranging from small residential VPPs to large industrial consumers, from energy trading to energy management, from implicit to explicit demand response, from aggregating assets within a company to independent aggregators.